CCN-Based Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication in DSRC for Content Distribution in Urban Environments

Haiyan TIAN  Yoshiaki SHIRAISHI  Masami MOHRI  Masakatu MORII  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E102-D   No.9   pp.1653-1664
Publication Date: 2019/09/01
Publicized: 2019/06/21
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2018OFP0008
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Log Data Usage Technology and Office Information Systems)
Category: System Construction Techniques
vehicular networks,  non-safety application,  dedicated short range communication (DSRC),  content-centric network (CCN),  in-network caching,  

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Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) is currently standardized as a leading technology for the implementation of Vehicular Networks. Non-safety application in DSRC is emerging beyond the initial safety application. However, it suffers from a typical issue of low data delivery ratio in urban environments, where static and moving obstacles block or attenuate the radio propagation, as well as other technical issues such as temporal-spatial restriction, capital cost for infrastructure deployments and limited radio coverage range. On the other hand, Content-Centric Networking (CCN) advocates ubiquitous in-network caching to enhance content distribution. The major characteristics of CCN are compatible with the requirements of vehicular networks so that CCN could be available by vehicular networks. In this paper, we propose a CCN-based vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication scheme on the top of DSRC standard for content dissemination, while demonstrate its feasibility by analyzing the frame format of Beacon and WAVE service advertisement (WSA) messages of DSRC specifications. The simulation-based validations derived from our software platform with OMNeT++, Veins and SUMO in realistic traffic environments are supplied to evaluate the proposed scheme. We expect our research could provide references for future more substantial revision of DSRC standardization for CCN-based V2V communication.