A Fine-Grained Multicasting of Configuration Data for Coarse-Grained Reconfigurable Architectures

Takuya KOJIMA  Hideharu AMANO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E102-D   No.7   pp.1247-1256
Publication Date: 2019/07/01
Publicized: 2019/04/05
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2018EDP7336
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Computer System
CGRA,  configuration reduction,  integer-linear-program,  multicasting,  

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A novel configuration data compression technique for coarse-grained reconfigurable architectures (CGRAs) is proposed. Reducing the size of configuration data of CGRAs shortens the reconfiguration time especially when the communication bandwidth between a CGRA and a host CPU is limited. In addition, it saves energy consumption of configuration cache and controller. The proposed technique is based on a multicast configuration technique called RoMultiC, which reduces the configuration time by multicasting the same data to multiple PEs (Processing Elements) with two bit-maps. Scheduling algorithms for an optimizing the order of multicasting have been proposed. However, the multicasting is possible only if each PE has completely the same configuration. In general, configuration data for CGRAs can be divided into some fields like machine code formats of general perpose CPUs. The proposed scheme confines a part of fields for multicasting so that the possibility of multicasting more PEs can be increased. This paper analyzes algorithms to find a configuration pattern which maximizes the number of multicasted PEs. We implemented the proposed scheme to CMA (Cool Mega Array), a straight forward CGRA as a case study. Experimental results show that the proposed method achieves 40.0% smaller configuration than a previous method for an image processing application at maximum. The exploration of the multicasted grain size reveals the effective grain size for each algorithm. Furthermore, since both a dynamic power consumption of the configuration controller and a configuration time are improved, it achieves 50.1% reduction of the energy consumption for the configuration with a negligible area overhead.