Analysis of the State of ECN on the Internet

Chun-Xiang CHEN  Kenichi NAGAOKA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E102-D   No.5   pp.910-919
Publication Date: 2019/05/01
Publicized: 2019/02/27
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2018NTP0006
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on the Architectures, Protocols, and Applications for the Future Internet)
Explicit Congestion Notification,  active queueing,  congestion control,  connectivity,  

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ECN, as a decisive approach for TCP congestion control, has been proposed for many years. However, its deployment on the Internet is much slower than expected. In this paper, we investigate the state of the deployment of ECN (Explicit Congestion Notification) on the Internet from a different viewpoint. We use the data set of web domains published by Alexa as the hosts to be tested. We negotiate an ECN-Capable and a Not ECN-Capable connections with each host and collect all packets belonging to the connections. By analyzing the header fields of the TCP/IP packets, we dig out the deployment rate, connectivity, variation of round-trip time and time to live between the Not ECN-Capable and ECN-Capable connections as well as the rate of IPv6-Capable web servers. Especially, it is clear that the connectivity is different from the domains (regions on the Internet). We hope that the findings acquired from this study would incentivize ISPs and administrators to enable ECN in their network systems.