SLA-Aware and Energy-Efficient VM Consolidation in Cloud Data Centers Using Host State Binary Decision Tree Prediction Model

Lianpeng LI  Jian DONG  Decheng ZUO  Yao ZHAO  Tianyang LI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E102-D   No.10   pp.1942-1951
Publication Date: 2019/10/01
Publicized: 2019/07/11
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2018EDP7441
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Computer System
VM consolidation,  Binary Decision Tree,  SLA-aware,  energy-efficient,  cloud data centers,  

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For cloud data center, Virtual Machine (VM) consolidation is an effective way to save energy and improve efficiency. However, inappropriate consolidation of VMs, especially aggressive consolidation, can lead to performance problems, and even more serious Service Level Agreement (SLA) violations. Therefore, it is very important to solve the tradeoff between reduction in energy use and reduction of SLA violation level. In this paper, we propose two Host State Detection algorithms and an improved VM placement algorithm based on our proposed Host State Binary Decision Tree Prediction model for SLA-aware and energy-efficient consolidation of VMs in cloud data centers. We propose two formulas of conditions for host state estimate, and our model uses them to build a Binary Decision Tree manually for host state detection. We extend Cloudsim simulator to evaluate our algorithms by using PlanetLab workload and random workload. The experimental results show that our proposed model can significantly reduce SLA violation rates while keeping energy cost efficient, it can reduce the metric of SLAV by at most 98.12% and the metric of Energy by at most 33.96% for real world workload.