Analytical Modeling of the Silicon Carbide (SiC) MOSFET during Switching Transition for EMI Investigation

Yingzhe WU  Hui LI  Wenjie MA  Dingxin JIN  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E102-C   No.9   pp.646-657
Publication Date: 2019/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.2018ECP5079
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Semiconductor Materials and Devices
silicon carbide (SiC),  MOSFET,  analytical modelling,  electromagnetic interference (EMI),  

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With the advantages of higher blocking voltage, higher operation temperature, fast-switching characteristics, and lower switching losses, the silicon carbide (SiC) MOSFET has attracted more attentions and become an available replacement of traditional silicon (Si) power semiconductor in applications. Despite of all the merits above, electromagnetic interference (EMI) issues will be induced consequently by the ultra-fast switching transitions of the SiC MOSFET. To quickly and precisely assess the switching behaviors of the SiC MOSFET for EMI investigation, an analytical model is proposed. This model has comprehensively considered most of the key factors, including parasitic inductances, non-linearity of the junction capacitors, negative feedback effect of Ls and Cgd shared by the power and the gate stage loops, non-linearity of the trans-conductance, and skin effect during voltage and current ringing stages, which will considerably affect the switching performance of the SiC MOSFET. Additionally, a finite-state machine (FSM) is especially utilized so as to analytically and intuitively describe the switching behaviors of the SiC MOSFET via Stateflow. Based on double pulse test (DPT), the effectiveness and correctness of the proposed model are validated through the comparison between the calculated and the measured waveforms during switching transitions. Besides, the model can appropriately depict the spectrum of the drain-source voltage of the MOSFET and is suitable for EMI investigation in applying of SiC devices.