Type-I Digital Ring-Based PLL Using Loop Delay Compensation and ADC-Based Sampling Phase Detector

Zule XU  Anugerah FIRDAUZI  Masaya MIYAHARA  Kenichi OKADA  Akira MATSUZAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E102-C   No.7   pp.520-529
Publication Date: 2019/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.2018CTP0011
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Analog Circuits and Their Application Technologies)
Category: 
Keyword: 
type-I,  digital phase-locked loop,  ring-based PLL,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents a type-I digital ring-based PLL with wide loop bandwidth to lower the ring oscillator's noise contribution. The loop delay due to the D flip-flops at filter's output is compensated in order to lower the noise peak and stably achieve wide loop bandwidth. The input-referred jitter is lowered by using a successive-approximated-register analog-to-digital converter (SAR-ADC)-based sampling phase detector (SPD). A stacked reference buffer is introduced to reduce the transient short-circuit current for low power and low reference spur. The locking issue due to the steady-state phase error in a type-I PLL and the limited range of the phase detector is addressed using a TDC-assisted loop. The loop stability and phase noise are analyzed, suggesting a trade-off for the minimum jitter. The solutions in detail are described. The prototype PLL fabricated in 65 nm CMOS demonstrates 2.0 ps RMS jitter, 3.1 mW power consumption, and 0.067 mm2 area, with 50 MHz reference frequency and 2.0 GHz output frequency.