High-Sensitivity Optical Receiver Using Differential Photodiodes AC-Coupled with a Transimpedance Amplifier

Daisuke OKAMOTO  Hirohito YAMADA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E102-C   No.4   pp.380-387
Publication Date: 2019/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.2018ECP5047
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Optoelectronics
optical receiver,  silicon photonics,  differential photodiodes,  AC coupling,  equivalent circuit,  

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To address the bandwidth bottleneck that exists between LSI chips, we have proposed a novel, high-sensitivity receiver circuit for differential optical transmission on a silicon optical interposer. Both anodes and cathodes of the differential photodiodes (PDs) were designed to be connected to a transimpedance amplifier (TIA) through coupling capacitors. Reverse bias voltage was applied to each of the differential PDs through load resistance. The proposed receiver circuit achieved double the current signal amplitude of conventional differential receiver circuits. The frequency response of the receiver circuit was analyzed using its equivalent circuit, wherein the temperature dependence of the PD was implemented. The optimal load resistances of the PDs were determined to be 5kΩ by considering the tradeoff between the frequency response and bias voltage drop. A small dark current of the PD was important to reduce the voltage drop, but the bandwidth degradation was negligible if the dark current at room temperature was below 1µA. The proposed circuit achieved 3-dB bandwidths of 18.9 GHz at 25°C and 13.7 GHz at 85°C. Clear eye openings in the TIA output waveforms for 25-Gbps 27-1 pseudorandom binary sequence signals were obtained at both temperatures.