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RV-MAC: A Reliable MAC Protocol for Multi-Hop VANETs
Guodong WU Chao DONG Aijing LI Lei ZHANG Qihui WU Kun ZHOU
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Publication Date: 2019/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
VANETs, TDMA, MAC, multi-hop, reliable,
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With no need for Road Side Unit (RSU), multi-hop Vehicular Ad Hoc NETworks (VANETs) have drawn more and more attention recently. Considering the safety of vehicles, a Media Access Control (MAC) protocol for reliable transmission is critical for multi-hop VANETs. Most current works need RSU to handle the collisions brought by hidden-terminal problem and the mobility of vehicles. In this paper, we proposed RV-MAC, which is a reliable MAC protocol for multi-hop VANETs based on Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA). First, to address the hidden-terminal under the networks with multi-hop topology, we design a region marking scheme to divide vehicles into different regions. Then a collisions avoidance scheme is proposed to handle the collisions owing to channel competition and the mobility of vehicles. Simulation results show that compared with other protocol, RV-MAC can decrease contention collisions by 30% and encounter collisions by 50% respectively. As a result, RV-MAC achieves higher throughput and lower network delay.