Robust Beamforming and Power Splitting for Secure CR Network with Practical Energy Harvesting

Lei NI  Xinyu DA  Hang HU  Miao ZHANG  Hehao NIU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E102-B    No.8    pp.1547-1553
Publication Date: 2019/08/01
Publicized: 2019/01/25
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2018EBP3277
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Fundamental Theories for Communications
cognitive radio network,  secrecy energy efficiency,  physical layer security,  non-linear energy harvesting model,  

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This paper introduces an energy-efficient transmit design for multiple-input single-output (MISO) energy-harvesting cognitive radio (CR) networks in the presence of external eavesdroppers (Eves). Due to the inherent characteristics of CR network with simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT), Eves may illegitimately access the primary user (PU) bands, and the confidential message is prone to be intercepted in wireless communications. Assuming the channel state information (CSI) of the Eves is not perfectly known at the transmitter, our approach to guaranteeing secrecy is to maximize the secrecy energy efficiency (SEE) by jointly designing the robust beamforming and the power splitting (PS) ratio, under the constraints of total transmit power, harvested energy at secondary receiver (SR) and quality of service (QoS) requirement. Specifically, a non-linear energy harvesting (EH) model is adopted for the SR, which can accurately characterize the property of practical RF-EH circuits. To solve the formulated non-convex problem, we first employ fractional programming theory and penalty function to recast it as an easy-to-handle parametric problem, and then deal with the non-convexity by applying S-Procedure and constrained concave convex procedure (CCCP), which enables us to exploit the difference of concave functions (DC) programming to seek the maximum worst-case SEE. Finally, numerical results are presented to verify the performance of the proposed scheme.