Field Trial on 5G Low Latency Radio Communication System Towards Application to Truck Platooning

Manabu MIKAMI  Hitoshi YOSHINO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E102-B   No.8   pp.1447-1457
Publication Date: 2019/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2018TTP0021
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Technology Trials and Proof-of-Concept Activities for 5G and Beyond)
Category: 
Keyword: 
5G,  low latency,  truck platooning,  field trial,  

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Summary: 
The fifth generation mobile communication system (5G) is designed to have new radio capabilities to support not only conventional enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB) communications but also new machine type communications such as Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency communications (URLLC) and massive Machine Type communications (m-MTC). In such new areas of URLLC and m-MTC, mobile operators need to explore new use cases and/or applications together with vertical industries, the industries which are potential users of 5G, in order to fully exploit the new 5G capabilities. Intelligent Transport System (ITS), including automated driving, is one of the most promising application areas of 5G since it requires both ultra-reliable and low-latency communications. We are actively working on the research and development of truck platooning as a new 5G application. We have developed a field trial system for vehicular-to-network (V2N) communications using 5G prototype equipment and actual large-size trucks in order to assess 5G capabilities, including ultra-low-latency, in automotive test courses in the field. This paper discusses the fundamental performance evaluation required for vehicular communications between platooning trucks, such as low-latency message communication for vehicle control and low-latency video monitoring of following platooning truck vehicles. The paper also addresses the field evaluation results of 5G V2N communications in a rural area. It clarifies the fundamental radio propagation issues at the leading and the following vehicles in truck platooning for V2N communications, and discusses the impact of the radio propagation over a road to the over-the-air transmission performance of 5G V2N communications.