Low-Profile Supergain Antenna Composed of Asymmetric Dipole Elements Backed by Planar Reflector for IoT Applications

Takuji ARIMA
Toru UNO

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E102-B    No.4    pp.884-890
Publication Date: 2019/04/01
Publicized: 2018/10/15
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2018EBP3112
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
supergain,  low-profile,  unidirectional,  asymmetric dipole antenna,  planar reflector,  IoT,  

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This paper proposes a low-profile unidirectional supergain antenna applicable to wireless communication devices such as mobile terminals, the Internet of Things and so on. The antennas used for such systems are required to be not only electrically low-profile but also unsusceptible to surrounding objects such as human body and/or electrical equipment. The proposed antenna achieves both requirements due to its supergain property using planar elements and a closely placed planar reflector. The primary antenna is an asymmetric dipole type, and consists of a monopole element mounted on an edge of a rectangular conducting plane. Both elements are placed on a dielectric substrate backed by the planar reflector. It is numerically and experimentally shown that the supergain property is achieved by optimizing the geometrical parameters of the antenna. It is also shown that the impedance characteristics can be successfully adjusted by changing the lengths of the ground plane element and the monopole element. Thus, no additional impedance matching circuit is necessary. Furthermore, it is shown that surrounding objects have insignificant impact on the antenna performance.

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