Reconfigurable Metal Chassis Antenna

Chi-Yuk CHIU  Shanpu SHEN  Fan JIANG  Katsunori ISHIMIYA  Qingsha S. CHENG  Ross D. MURCH  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E102-B   No.1   pp.147-155
Publication Date: 2019/01/01
Publicized: 2018/07/17
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2018EBP3123
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
mobile phones,  mobile terminals,  reconfigurable antennas,  antenna matching,  optimization,  

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Smartphones for wireless communication typically consist of a large area frontal liquid crystal display (LCD), which incorporates a metal back plate, and a back cover chassis made from metal. Leveraging this structure a new approach to construct antennas for smartphones is proposed where the complete metal back cover chassis and LCD back plate are used as the radiating element and ground plane. In the design a feedline is connected between the metal back cover chassis and LCD back plate, along with shorts at various locations between the two metal plates, to control the resonance frequency of the resulting antenna. Multiple-band operation is possible without the need for any slots in the plates for radiation. Results show that antenna frequency reconfigurability can be achieved when switching function is added to the shorts so that several wireless communication bands can be covered. This approach is different from existing metallic frame antenna designs currently available in the market. A design example is provided which uses one PIN diode for the switching shorts and the target frequency bands are 740-780MHz and 900-1000MHz & 1700-1900MHz. The optimization of LC matchings and concerns of hand effects and metallic components between the chassis and LCD metal back plate are also addressed.