Dual-Band Dual-Rectangular-Loop Circular Polarization Antenna for Global Navigation Satellite System

Makoto SUMI
Jun-ichi TAKADA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E102-B    No.12    pp.2243-2252
Publication Date: 2019/12/01
Publicized: 2019/06/25
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2019EBP3043
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
dual-band,  circular polarization,  rectangular loop with a gap,  GNSS,  precise positioning,  

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This paper proposes a dual-band dual-rectangular-loop circular polarization antenna for Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSSs). The proposed antenna combines two large outer rectangular loops with two small inner loops. Each large outer loop is connected to its corresponding small inner rectangular loop. Each loop has gaps located symmetrically with respect to a feed point to produce Right Handed Circular Polarization (RHCP). The gap position and the shape of the rectangular loops are very important to adjust both the impedance matching and circular polarization characteristics. The proposed antenna offers dual-band Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) and Axial Ratio (AR) frequency characteristics that include the L1 (1575.42 MHz) and L2 (1227.60 MHz) bands. The antenna gains exceed 8.7 dBi. Broad AR elevation patterns are obtained. These antenna characteristics are well suited to precise positioning.