Random Access Control Scheme with Reservation Channel for Capacity Expansion of QZSS Safety Confirmation System

Suguru KAMEDA  Kei OHYA  Tomohide TAKAHASHI  Hiroshi OGUMA  Noriharu SUEMATSU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E102-A   No.1   pp.186-194
Publication Date: 2019/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E102.A.186
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Wideband Systems)
Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS),  Global Positioning System (GPS),  access control,  frame slotted ALOHA,  flag method,  1-bit flag,  synchronized spread spectrum code division multiple access (synchronized SS-CDMA),  

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For capacity expansion of the Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS) safety confirmation system, frame slotted ALOHA with flag method has previously been proposed as an access control scheme. While it is always able to communicate in an optimum state, its maximum channel efficiency is only 36.8%. In this paper, we propose adding a reservation channel (R-Ch) to the frame slotted ALOHA with flag method to increase the upper limit of the channel efficiency. With an R-Ch, collision due to random channel selection is decreased by selecting channels in multiple steps, and the channel efficiency is improved up to 84.0%. The time required for accommodating 3 million mobile terminals, each sending one message, when using the flag method only and the flag method with an R-Ch are compared. It is shown that the accommodating time can be reduced to less than half by adding an R-Ch to the flag method.