Security Performance Analysis of Joint Multi-Relay and Jammer Selection for Physical-Layer Security under Nakagami-m Fading Channel

Guangna ZHANG  Yuanyuan GAO  Huadong LUO  Nan SHA  Mingxi GUO  Kui XU  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E102-A   No.12   pp.2015-2020
Publication Date: 2019/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E102.A.2015
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Cryptography and Information Security
Keyword: 
physical layer security,  relay selection,  jammer selection,  outage probability (OP),  intercept probability (IP),  security-reliability tradeoff (SRT),  

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Summary: 
In this paper, we investigate a novel joint multi-relay and jammer selection (JMRJS) scheme in order to improve the physical layer security of wireless networks. In the JMRJS scheme, all the relays succeeding in source decoding are selected to assist in the source signal transmission and meanwhile, all the remaining relay nodes are employed to act as friendly jammers to disturb the eavesdroppers by broadcasting artificial noise. Based on the more general Nakagami-m fading channel, we analyze the security performance of the JMRJS scheme for protecting the source signal against eavesdropping. The exact closed-form expressions of outage probability (OP) and intercept probability (IP) for the JMRJS scheme over Nakagami-m fading channel are derived. Moreover, we analyze the security-reliability tradeoff (SRT) of this scheme. Simulation results show that as the number of decode-and-forward (DF)relay nodes increases, the SRT of the JMRJS scheme improves notably. And when the transmit power is below a certain value, the SRT of the JMRJS scheme consistently outperforms the joint single-relay and jammer selection (JSRJS) scheme and joint equal-relay and jammer selection (JERJS) scheme respectively. In addition, the SRT of this scheme is always better than that of the multi-relay selection (MRS) scheme.