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High Performance Application Specific Stream Architecture for Hardware Acceleration of HOG-SVM on FPGA
Piyumal RANAWAKA Mongkol EKPANYAPONG Adriano TAVARES Mathew DAILEY Krit ATHIKULWONGSE Vitor SILVA
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 2019/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on VLSI Design and CAD Algorithms)
application specific architecture, hardware acceleration, pipelining, real-time HOG-SVM,
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Conventional sequential processing on software with a general purpose CPU has become significantly insufficient for certain heavy computations due to the high demand of processing power to deliver adequate throughput and performance. Due to many reasons a high degree of interest could be noted for high performance real time video processing on embedded systems. However, embedded processing platforms with limited performance could least cater the processing demand of several such intensive computations in computer vision domain. Therefore, hardware acceleration could be noted as an ideal solution where process intensive computations could be accelerated using application specific hardware integrated with a general purpose CPU. In this research we have focused on building a parallelized high performance application specific architecture for such a hardware accelerator for HOG-SVM computation implemented on Zynq 7000 FPGA. Histogram of Oriented Gradients (HOG) technique combined with a Support Vector Machine (SVM) based classifier is versatile and extremely popular in computer vision domain in contrast to high demand for processing power. Due to the popularity and versatility, various previous research have attempted on obtaining adequate throughput on HOG-SVM. This research with a high throughput of 240FPS on single scale on VGA frames of size 640x480 out performs the best case performance on a single scale of previous research by approximately a factor of 3-4. Further it's an approximately 15x speed up over the GPU accelerated software version with the same accuracy. This research has explored the possibility of using a novel architecture based on deep pipelining, parallel processing and BRAM structures for achieving high performance on the HOG-SVM computation. Further the above developed (video processing unit) VPU which acts as a hardware accelerator will be integrated as a co-processing peripheral to a host CPU using a novel custom accelerator structure with on chip buses in a System-On-Chip (SoC) fashion. This could be used to offload the heavy video stream processing redundant computations to the VPU whereas the processing power of the CPU could be preserved for running light weight applications. This research mainly focuses on the architectural techniques used to achieve higher performance on the hardware accelerator and on the novel accelerator structure used to integrate the accelerator with the host CPU.