On Maximizing the Lifetime of Wireless Sensor Networks in 3D Vegetation-Covered Fields

Wenjie YU  Xunbo LI  Zhi ZENG  Xiang LI  Jian LIU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E101-D   No.6   pp.1677-1681
Publication Date: 2018/06/01
Publicized: 2018/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2017EDL8241
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Fundamentals of Information Systems
wireless sensor networks,  ABC-OG,  3D vegetation-covered fields,  network lifetime optimization,  network connectivity,  

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In this paper, the problem of lifetime extension of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) with redundant sensor nodes deployed in 3D vegetation-covered fields is modeled, which includes building communication models, network model and energy model. Generally, such a problem cannot be solved by a conventional method directly. Here we propose an Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) based optimal grouping algorithm (ABC-OG) to solve it. The main contribution of the algorithm is to find the optimal number of feasible subsets (FSs) of WSN and assign them to work in rotation. It is verified that reasonably grouping sensors into FSs can average the network energy consumption and prolong the lifetime of the network. In order to further verify the effectiveness of ABC-OG, two other algorithms are included for comparison. The experimental results show that the proposed ABC-OG algorithm provides better optimization performance.