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Compact InP Stokes-Vector Modulator and Receiver Circuits for Short-Reach Direct-Detection Optical Links
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics
Publication Date: 2018/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
Type of Manuscript: Special Section INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Distinguished Papers in Photonics)
photonic integrated circuits, optical polarization, optical modulator, optical receivers, indium phosphide,
Full Text: FreePDF(1.6MB)
To meet the demand for continuous increase in data traffic, full usage of polarization freedom of light is becoming inevitable in the next-generation optical communication and datacenter networks. In particular, Stokes-vector modulation direct-detection (SVM-DD) formats are expected as potentially cost-effective method to transmit multi-level signals without using costly coherent transceivers in the short-reach links. For the SVM-DD formats to be practical, both the transmitter and receiver need to be substantially simpler, smaller, and lower-cost as compared to coherent counterparts. To this end, we have recently proposed and demonstrated novel SV modulator and receiver circuits realized on monolithic InP platforms. With compact non-interferometric configurations, relatively simple fabrication procedures, and compatibility with other active photonic components, the proposed devices should be attractive candidate in realizing low-cost monolithic transceivers for SVM formats. In this paper, we review our approaches as well as recent progresses and provide future prospects.