83nJ/bit Transmitter Using Code-Modulated Synchronized-OOK on 65nm SOTB for Normally-Off Wireless Sensor Networks

Van-Trung NGUYEN

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E101-C    No.7    pp.472-479
Publication Date: 2018/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E101.C.472
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Analog Circuits and Their Application Technologies)
wireless sensor networks,  Code Modulation,  synchronous-OOK,  SOTB,  

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This paper proposes Code-Modulated Synchronized (CMS) -OOK modulation scheme for normally-off wireless sensor networks, and demonstrates the operation of the transmitter for the CMS-OOK using 65nm SOTB (Silicon-On Thin Buried Oxide) CMOS technology. Based on investigating RF characteristics of SOTB CMOS, analog part of a CMS-OOK transmitter was designed, fabricated and evaluated in combination with based-FPGA digital part. With code modulation and controlling the carrier frequency by body bias of the SOTB devices, the spectrum of a CMS-OOK transmitter output is widen to achieve -62dBm/MHz peak power spectrum density at 15 MHz bandwidth. Chip of analog part on-board is supplied by 1V for power amplifier and 0.75V for the rest. It consumes average 83µW according to 83nJ/bit at 1kbps data transmission.