Possibilities of Large Voltage Swing Hard-Type Oscillators Based on Series-Connected Resonant Tunneling Diodes

Koichi MAEZAWA  Masayuki MORI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E101-C   No.5   pp.305-310
Publication Date: 2018/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E101.C.305
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Fundamentals and Applications of Advanced Semiconductor Devices)
resonant tunneling diode,  hard-type oscillator,  HEMT,  spurious oscillation,  voltage swing,  

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Hard-type oscillators for ultrahigh frequency applications were proposed based on resonant tunneling diodes (RTDs) and a HEMT trigger circuit. The hard-type oscillators initiate oscillation only after external excitation. This is advantageous for suppressing the spurious oscillation in the bias line, which is one of the most significant problems in the RTD oscillators. We first investigated a series-connected circuit of a resistor and an RTD for constructing a hard-type oscillator. We carried out circuit simulation using the practical device parameters. It was demonstrated that the stable oscillation can be obtained for such oscillators. Next, we proposed to use series-connected RTDs for the gain block of the hard-type oscillators. The series circuits of RTDs show the negative differential resistance in very narrow regions, or no regions at all, which makes impossible to use such circuits for the conventional soft-type oscillators. However, with the trigger circuit, they can be used for hard-type oscillators. We confirmed the oscillation and the bias stability of these oscillators, and also demonstrated that the voltage swing can be easily increased by increasing the number of RTDs connected in series. This is promising method to overcome the power restriction of the RTD oscillators.