Multi-Beam Massive MIMO with Beam-Selection Using Only Amplitude Information in Uplink Channel


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E101-B   No.7   pp.1544-1551
Publication Date: 2018/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2017CQP0005
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Communication Quality in Wireless Networks)
massive MIMO,  hybrid analog-digital beamforming,  constant modulus algorithm,  beam-selection method,  

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Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) transmission, in which the number of antennas is considerably more than the number of user terminals, has attracted attention as a key technology in next-generation mobile communication systems, because it enables improvements in the service area and interference mitigation with simple signal processing. Multi-beam massive MIMO employing high-power beam selection in the analog part and a blind algorithm in the digital part, such as the constant modulus algorithm that does not need channel state information, has been proposed and shown to offer high transmission efficiency. In this paper, in order to realize higher transmission rates and communication efficiency, we propose a beam-selection method that uses multi-beam amplitude information only. Furthermore, this method can be realized through signal processing with a simple configuration and is highly suitable for hybrid analog-digital massive MIMO, which is advantageous in terms of cost and power consumption. Here, the effectiveness of the proposed method is verified by computer simulation.