A Simple Formula for Noncoherent Capacity in Highly Underspread WSSUS Channel


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E101-B   No.5   pp.1262-1269
Publication Date: 2018/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2017EBT0003
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
channel capacity,  noncoherent capacity,  underspread channel,  wideband channel,  doubly-selective fading,  

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Channel capacity is a useful numerical index not only for grasping the upper limit of the transmission bit rate but also for comparing the abilities of various digital transmission schemes commonly used in radio-wave propagation environments because the channel capacity does not depend on specific communication methods such as modulation/demodulation schemes or error correction schemes. In this paper, modeling of the noncoherent capacity in a highly underspread WSSUS channel is investigated using a new approach. Unlike the conventional method, namely, the information theoretic method, a very straightforward formula can be obtained in a statistical manner. Although the modeling in the present study is carried out using a somewhat less rigorous approach, the result obtained is useful for roughly understanding the channel capacity in doubly selective fading environments. We clarify that the radio wave propagation parameter of the spread factor, which is the product of the Doppler spread and the delay spread, can be related quantitatively to the effective maximum signal-to-interference ratio by a simple formula. Using this model, the physical limit of wireless digital transmission is discussed from a radio wave propagation perspective.