Low-Latency Communication in LTE and WiFi Using Spatial Diversity and Encoding Redundancy

Yu YU  Stepan KUCERA  Yuto LIM  Yasuo TAN  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E101-B   No.4   pp.1116-1127
Publication Date: 2018/04/01
Publicized: 2017/09/29
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2017EBP3015
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Terrestrial Wireless Communication/Broadcasting Technologies
forward packet-loss protection,  data delivery latency control,  spatial diversity,  encoding redundancy,  random linear codes,  multi-path TCP,  

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In mobile and wireless networks, controlling data delivery latency is one of open problems due to the stochastic nature of wireless channels, which are inherently unreliable. This paper explores how the current best-effort throughput-oriented wireless services might evolve into latency-sensitive enablers of new mobile applications such as remote three-dimensional (3D) graphical rendering for interactive virtual/augmented-reality overlay. Assuming that the signal propagation delay and achievable throughput meet the standard latency requirements of the user application, we examine the idea of trading excess/federated bandwidth for the elimination of non-negligible delay of data re-ordering, caused by temporal transmission failures and buffer overflows. The general system design is based on (i) spatially diverse data delivery over multiple paths with uncorrelated outage likelihoods; and (ii) forward packet-loss protection (FPP), creating encoding redundancy for proactive recovery of intolerably delayed data without end-to-end retransmissions. Analysis and evaluation are based on traces of real life traffic, which is measured in live carrier-grade long term evolution (LTE) networks and campus WiFi networks, due to no such system/environment yet to verify the importance of spatial diversity and encoding redundancy. Analysis and evaluation reveal the seriousness of the latency problem and that the proposed FPP with spatial diversity and encoding redundancy can minimize the delay of re-ordering. Moreover, a novel FPP effectiveness coefficient is proposed to explicitly represent the effectiveness of EPP implementation.