Relay-Assisted Load Balancing Scheme Based on Practical Throughput Estimation

Won-Tae YU  Jeongsik CHOI  Woong-Hee LEE  Seong-Cheol KIM  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E101-B   No.1   pp.242-252
Publication Date: 2018/01/01
Publicized: 2017/07/03
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2017EBP3044
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
cellular network,  relay station,  proportional fairness,  user association,  load balancing,  

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In cellular network environments, where users are not evenly distributed across cells, overloaded base stations handling many users have difficulties in providing effective and fair services with their limited resources. Additionally, users at the cell edge may suffer from the potential problems resulting from low signal-to-interference ratio owing to the incessant interference from adjacent cells. In this paper, we propose a relay-assisted load balancing scheme to resolve these traffic imbalance. The proposed scheme can improve the performance of the overall network by utilizing relay stations to divert heavy traffic to other cells, and by adopting a partial frequency-reuse scheme to mitigate inter-cell interference. Each user and relay station calculates its own utility influence in the neighboring candidates for reassociation and decides whether to stay or move to another cell presenting the maximum total network utility increment. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme improves the overall network fairness to users by improving the performance of cell boundary users without degrading the total network throughput. We achieve a system performance gain of 16 ∼ 35% when compared with conventional schemes, while ensuring fairness among users.