Consensus-Based Distributed Particle Swarm Optimization with Event-Triggered Communication

Kazuyuki ISHIKAWA  Naoki HAYASHI  Shigemasa TAKAI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E101-A   No.2   pp.338-344
Publication Date: 2018/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E101.A.338
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Mathematical Systems Science and its Applications)
particle swarm optimization,  distributed optimization,  event-triggered control,  multi-agent systems,  

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This paper proposes a consensus-based distributed Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm with event-triggered communications for a non-convex and non-differentiable optimization problem. We consider a multi-agent system whose local communications among agents are represented by a fixed and connected graph. Each agent has multiple particles as estimated solutions of global optima and updates positions of particles by an average consensus dynamics on an auxiliary variable that accumulates the past information of the own objective function. In contrast to the existing time-triggered approach, the local communications are carried out only when the difference between the current auxiliary variable and the variable at the last communication exceeds a threshold. We show that the global best can be estimated in a distributed way by the proposed event-triggered PSO algorithm under a diminishing condition of the threshold for the trigger condition.