Password-Based Authentication Protocol for Secret-Sharing-Based Multiparty Computation


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E101-A   No.1   pp.51-63
Publication Date: 2018/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E101.A.51
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Cryptography and Information Security)
password,  authentication,  secret sharing,  multiparty computation,  

Full Text: PDF(1.1MB)>>
Buy this Article

The performance of secret-sharing (SS)-based multiparty computation (MPC) has recently increased greatly, and several efforts to implement and use it have been put into practice. Authentication of clients is one critical mechanism for implementing SS-based MPC successfully in practice. We propose a password-based authentication protocol for SS-based MPC. Our protocol is secure in the presence of secure channels, and it is optimized for practical use with SS-based MPC in the following ways. Threshold security: Our protocol is secure in the honest majority, which is necessary and sufficient since most practical results on SS-based MPC are secure in the same environment. Establishing distinct channels: After our protocol, a client has distinct secure and two-way authenticated channels to each server. Ease of implementation: Our protocol consists of SS, operations involving SS, and secure channels, which can be reused from an implementation of SS-based MPC. Furthermore, we implemented our protocol with an optimization for the realistic network. A client received the result within 2 sec even when the network delay was 200 ms, which is almost the delay that occurs between Japan and Europe.