High-Accuracy and Area-Efficient Stochastic FIR Digital Filters Based on Hybrid Computation

Shunsuke KOSHITA  Naoya ONIZAWA  Masahide ABE  Takahiro HANYU  Masayuki KAWAMATA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E100-D   No.8   pp.1592-1602
Publication Date: 2017/08/01
Publicized: 2017/05/22
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2016LOP0011
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Multiple-Valued Logic and VLSI Computing)
Category: VLSI Architecture
FIR digital filter,  stochastic computation,  computational accuracy,  digital circuit implementation,  

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This paper presents FIR digital filters based on stochastic/binary hybrid computation with reduced hardware complexity and high computational accuracy. Recently, some attempts have been made to apply stochastic computation to realization of digital filters. Such realization methods lead to significant reduction of hardware complexity over the conventional filter realizations based on binary computation. However, the stochastic digital filters suffer from lower computational accuracy than the digital filters based on binary computation because of the random error fluctuations that are generated in stochastic bit streams, stochastic multipliers, and stochastic adders. This becomes a serious problem in the case of FIR filter realizations compared with the IIR counterparts because FIR filters usually require larger number of multiplications and additions than IIR filters. To improve the computational accuracy, this paper presents a stochastic/binary hybrid realization, where multipliers are realized using stochastic computation but adders are realized using binary computation. In addition, a coefficient-scaling technique is proposed to further improve the computational accuracy of stochastic FIR filters. Furthermore, the transposed structure is applied to the FIR filter realization, leading to reduction of hardware complexity. Evaluation results demonstrate that our method achieves at most 40dB improvement in minimum stopband attenuation compared with the conventional pure stochastic design.