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A Single Image Super-Resolution Algorithm Using Non-Local-Mean Self-Similarity and Noise-Robust Saliency Map
Hui Jung LEE Dong-Yoon CHOI Kyoung Won LIM Byung Cheol SONG
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems
Publication Date: 2017/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Image Processing and Video Processing
self-similarity, super-resolution, self-example, NLM, soft-switching,
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This paper presents a single image super-resolution (SR) algorithm based on self-similarity using non-local-mean (NLM) metric. In order to accurately find the best self-example even under noisy environment, NLM weight is employed as a self-similarity metric. Also, a pixel-wise soft-switching is presented to overcome an inherent drawback of conventional self-example-based SR that it seldom works for texture areas. For the pixel-wise soft-switching, an edge-oriented saliency map is generated for each input image. Here, we derived the saliency map which can be robust against noises by using a specific training. The proposed algorithm works as follows: First, auxiliary images for an input low-resolution (LR) image are generated. Second, self-examples for each LR patch are found from the auxiliary images on a block basis, and the best match in terms of self-similarity is found as the best self-example. Third, a preliminary high-resolution (HR) image is synthesized using all the self-examples. Next, an edge map and a saliency map are generated from the input LR image, and pixel-wise weights for soft-switching of the next step are computed from those maps. Finally, a super-resolved HR image is produced by soft-switching between the preliminary HR image for edges and a linearly interpolated image for non-edges. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms state-of-the-art SR algorithms qualitatively and quantitatively.