Illumination Normalization for Face Recognition Using Energy Minimization Framework

Xiaoguang TU  Feng YANG  Mei XIE  Zheng MA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E100-D    No.6    pp.1376-1379
Publication Date: 2017/06/01
Publicized: 2017/03/10
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2016EDL8221
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Artificial Intelligence, Data Mining
energy minimization,  illumination normalization,  face recognition,  

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Numerous methods have been developed to handle lighting variations in the preprocessing step of face recognition. However, most of them only use the high-frequency information (edges, lines, corner, etc.) for recognition, as pixels lied in these areas have higher local variance values, and thus insensitive to illumination variations. In this case, information of low-frequency may be discarded and some of the features which are helpful for recognition may be ignored. In this paper, we present a new and efficient method for illumination normalization using an energy minimization framework. The proposed method aims to remove the illumination field of the observed face images while simultaneously preserving the intrinsic facial features. The normalized face image and illumination field could be achieved by a reciprocal iteration scheme. Experiments on CMU-PIE and the Extended Yale B databases show that the proposed method can preserve a very good visual quality even on the images illuminated with deep shadow and high brightness regions, and obtain promising illumination normalization results for better face recognition performance.