Walking Route Recommender for Supporting a Walk as Health Promotion

Yasufumi TAKAMA  Wataru SASAKI  Takafumi OKUMURA  Chi-Chih YU  Lieu-Hen CHEN  Hiroshi ISHIKAWA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E100-D   No.4   pp.671-681
Publication Date: 2017/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2016DAP0006
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Data Engineering and Information Management)
route recommendation,  health promotion,  smartphone,  navigation interface,  agent simulation,  

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This paper proposes a walking route recommender system aiming at continuously supporting a user to take a walk as means for health promotion. In recent years, taking a walk becomes popular with not only the elderly, but also those from all ages as one of the easiest ways for health promotion. From the viewpoint of health promotion, it is desirable to take a walk as daily exercise. However, walking is very simple activity, which makes it difficult for people to maintain their motivation. Although using an activity monitor is expected to improve the motivation for taking a walk as daily exercise, it forces users to manage their activities by themselves. The proposed system solves such a problem by recommending a walking route that can consume target calories. When a system is to be used for long period of time for supporting user's daily exercise, it should consider the case when a user will not follow the recommended route. It would cause a gap between consumed and target calories. We think this problem becomes serious when a user gradually gets bored with taking a walk during a long period of time. In order to solve the problem, the proposed method implicitly manages calories on monthly basis and recommends walking routes that could keep a user from getting bored. The effectiveness of the recommendation algorithm is evaluated with agent simulation. As another important factor for walking support, this paper also proposes a navigation interface that presents direction to the next visiting point without using a map. As users do not have to continuously focus on the interface, it is not only useful for their safety, but also gives them room to enjoy the landscape. The interface is evaluated by an experiment with test participants.