Low Cost and Fault Tolerant Parallel Computing Using Stochastic Two-Dimensional Finite State Machine

Xuechun WANG  Yuan JI  Wendong CHEN  Feng RAN  Aiying GUO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E100-D   No.12   pp.2866-2870
Publication Date: 2017/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2017PAL0003
Type of Manuscript: Special Section LETTER (Special Section on Parallel and Distributed Computing and Networking)
Category: Architecture
stochastic computing,  fault tolerant,  pattern recognition,  power consumption,  

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Hardware implementation of neural networks usually have high computational complexity that increase exponentially with the size of a circuit, leading to more uncertain and unreliable circuit performance. This letter presents a novel Radial Basis Function (RBF) neural network based on parallel fault tolerant stochastic computing, in which number is converted from deterministic domain to probabilistic domain. The Gaussian RBF for middle layer neuron is implemented using stochastic structure that reduce the hardware resources significantly. Our experimental results from two pattern recognition tests (the Thomas gestures and the MIT faces) show that the stochastic design is capable to maintain equivalent performance when the stream length set to 10Kbits. The stochastic hidden neuron uses only 1.2% hardware resource compared with the CORDIC algorithm. Furthermore, the proposed algorithm is very flexible in design tradeoff between computing accuracy, power consumption and chip area.