Delivering CRL with Low Bit Rate Network Coded Communication for ITS

Yoshiaki SHIRAISHI  Masanori HIROTOMO  Masami MOHRI  Taisuke YAMAMOTO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E100-D   No.10   pp.2440-2448
Publication Date: 2017/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Advanced Log Processing and Office Information Systems)
Category: 
Keyword: 
intelligent transport system,  road-to-vehicle communication,  inter-vehicle communication,  network coding,  public key infrastructure,  certificate revocation list,  

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Summary: 
The application of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) transmits data with road-to-vehicle communication (RVC) and inter-vehicle communication (IVC). Digital signature is essential to provide security for RVC and IVC. The public key certificate is used to verify that a public key belongs to an individual prover such as user or terminal. A certificate revocation list (CRL) is used for verifying validity of the public key certificate. A certificate authority (CA) publishes a CRL and distributes it to vehicles. CRL distribution traffic disturbs ITS application traffic because of sharing wireless channel between them. To distribute it on low bit rate will help to ease the disturbance. Although multiplex transmitting is effective in reliable communication, a duplication of received packets is waste of bandwidth as a consequence. This paper proposes a CRL distribution scheme based on random network coding which can reduce duplicate packets. The simulation results show that the number of duplicate packets of the proposed scheme is less than that of a simple error correction (EC)-based scheme and the proposed one can distribute CRL to more vehicles than EC-based ones.