Formation of Polymer Walls by Monomer Aggregation Control Utilizing Substrate-Surface Wettability for Flexible LCDs


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E100-C   No.11   pp.1005-1011
Publication Date: 2017/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E100.C.1005
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Electronic Displays)
polymer wall,  wettability,  phase separation,  fluororesin,  polyimide film,  

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We examined the novel aggregation control of the LC and monomer during formation of the polymer walls from a LC/monomer mixture in order to suppress the presence of the residual monomers and polymer networks in the pixel areas. The method is utilization of the differing wettabilities among LC and monomer molecules on a substrate surface. We patterned a substrate surface with a fluororesin and a polyimide film, and promoted phase separation of the LC and monomer by cooling process. This resulted in the LC and monomer aggregates primarily existing in the pixel areas and non-pixel areas, respectively. Moreover, the polymer-walls structure which was formed in this method partitioned into individual pixels in a lattice region and prevented the LC from flowing. This polymer-walls formation technique will be useful for developing high-quality flexible LCDs.