Where, When, and How mmWave is Used in 5G and Beyond

Kei SAKAGUCHI  Thomas HAUSTEIN  Sergio BARBAROSSA  Emilio Calvanese STRINATI  Antonio CLEMENTE  Giuseppe DESTINO  Aarno PÄRSSINEN  Ilgyu KIM  Heesang CHUNG  Junhyeong KIM  Wilhelm KEUSGEN  Richard J. WEILER  Koji TAKINAMI  Elena CECI  Ali SADRI  Liang XIAN  Alexander MALTSEV  Gia Khanh TRAN  Hiroaki OGAWA  Kim MAHLER  Robert W. HEATH Jr.  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E100-C    No.10    pp.790-808
Publication Date: 2017/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E100.C.790
Type of Manuscript: Special Section INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Technology)
millimeter wave,  MEC,  28GHz,  60GHz,  mesh network,  V2V/V2X,  automated driving,  future forecast,  

Full Text: FreePDF

Wireless engineers and business planners commonly raise the question on where, when, and how millimeter-wave (mmWave) will be used in 5G and beyond. Since the next generation network is not just a new radio access standard, but also an integration of networks for vertical markets with diverse applications, answers to the question depend on scenarios and use cases to be deployed. This paper gives four 5G mmWave deployment examples and describes in chronological order the scenarios and use cases of their probable deployment, including expected system architectures and hardware prototypes. The first example is a 28 GHz outdoor backhauling for fixed wireless access and moving hotspots, which will be demonstrated at the PyeongChang Winter Olympic Games in 2018. The second deployment example is a 60 GHz unlicensed indoor access system at the Tokyo-Narita airport, which is combined with Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) to enable ultra-high speed content download with low latency. The third example is mmWave mesh network to be used as a micro Radio Access Network (µ-RAN), for cost-effective backhauling of small-cell Base Stations (BSs) in dense urban scenarios. The last example is mmWave based Vehicular-to-Vehicular (V2V) and Vehicular-to-Everything (V2X) communications system, which enables automated driving by exchanging High Definition (HD) dynamic map information between cars and Roadside Units (RSUs). For 5G and beyond, mmWave and MEC will play important roles for a diverse set of applications that require both ultra-high data rate and low latency communications.