Cloud Provider Selection Models for Cloud Storage Services to Satisfy Availability Requirements

Eiji OKI
Nattapong KITSUWAN

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E100-B    No.8    pp.1406-1418
Publication Date: 2017/08/01
Publicized: 2017/01/24
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2016EBP3403
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
cloud storage,  availability,  service requirement,  optimization,  integer linear programming,  

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Cost-effective cloud storage services are attracting users with their convenience, but there is a trade-off between service availability and usage cost. We develop two cloud provider selection models for cloud storage services to minimize the total cost of usage. The models select multiple cloud providers to meet the user requirements while considering unavailability. The first model, called a user-copy (UC) model, allows the selection of multiple cloud providers, where the user copies its data to multiple providers. In addition to the user copy function of the UC model, the second model, which is called a user and cloud-provider copy (UCC) model, allows cloud providers to make copies of the data to deliver them to other cloud providers. The cloud service is available if at least one cloud provider is available. We formulate both models as integer linear programming (ILP) problems. Our performance evaluation observes that both models reduce the total cost of usage, compared to the single cloud provider selection approach. As the cost of bandwidth usage between a user and a cloud provider increases, the UCC model becomes more beneficial than the UC model. We implement the prototype for cloud storage services, and demonstrate our models via Science Information Network 5.