Fusion Center Controlled MAC Protocol for Physical Wireless Parameter Conversion Sensor Networks (PHY-C SN)


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E100-B   No.7   pp.1105-1114
Publication Date: 2017/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2016SCP0008
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Smart Radio and Its Applications in Conjunction with Main Topics of SmartCom)
Category: Network
wireless sensor networks,  information collection,  OFDM,  transmission power control,  

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In this paper, a novel fusion center controlled media access control (MAC) protocol for physical wireless parameter conversion sensor networks (PHY-C SN), and a transmission power design for each sensor node are proposed. In PHY-C SN, the sensing information is converted to corresponding subcarrier number of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signals, and all sensor nodes can send sensing information simultaneously. In most wireless sensor network standards, each sensor node detects the surrounding wireless signal through carrier sense. However, sensor nodes cannot send signals simultaneously if carrier sense is applied in PHY-C SN. Therefore, a protocol for PHY-C SN is devised. In the proposed protocol, the fusion center detects the surrounding wireless environment by carrier sense and requests sensing information transmission toward sensor nodes if no other wireless systems are detected. Once the sensor nodes receive the request signal, they transmit sensing information to the fusion center. Further, to avoid harmful interference with surrounding wireless systems, the transmission power of each sensor is designed to suit the considering communication range and avoid interference toward other wireless systems. The effectiveness of the proposed protocol is evaluated by computer simulation. The parameters for collection like the number of collecting sensor nodes and the radius of the collection area are also examined when determining the transmission power of sensor nodes. Results show that highly efficient information collection with reducing interference both from and towards surrounding wireless systems can be implemented with PHY-C SN.