Improving the Performance of DOA Estimation Using Virtual Antenna in Automotive Radar

Seokhyun KANG  Seongwook LEE  Jae-Eun LEE  Seong-Cheol KIM  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E100-B   No.5   pp.771-778
Publication Date: 2017/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2016EBP3368
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
Keyword: 
direction of arrival,  interpolated array,  virtual antenna,  grating-lobe suppression,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, the virtual antenna technique is applied to a single input multiple output (SIMO) radar system to enhance the performance of the conventional beamforming direction of arrival (DOA) estimation method. Combining the virtual array generated by the interpolated array technique and the real array, the angular resolution of the DOA estimation algorithm is improved owing to the extended number of antennas and aperture size. Based on the proposed interpolation technique, we transform the position of the antenna elements in a uniform linear array (ULA) to the arbitrary positions to suppress the grating lobe and side lobe levels. In simulations, the pseudo spectrum of the Bartlett algorithm and the root mean square error (RMSE) of the DOA estimation with the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) are analyzed for the real array and the proposed virtually extended array. Simulation results show that the angular resolution of the proposed array is better than that of the real array using the same aperture size of array and the number of antennas. The proposed technique is verified with the practical data from commercialized radar system.