A Survey of Efficient Ray-Tracing Techniques for Mobile Radio Propagation Analysis

Tetsuro IMAI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E100-B   No.5   pp.666-679
Publication Date: 2017/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2016EBI0002
Type of Manuscript: INVITED SURVEY PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
ray-tracing,  acceleration technique,  hybrid model,  mobile radio propagation,  

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With the advances in computer processing that have yielded an enormous increase in performance, numerical analytical approaches based on electromagnetic theory have recently been applied to mobile radio propagation analysis. One such approach is the ray-tracing method based on geometrical optics and the uniform geometrical theory of diffraction. In this paper, ray-tracing techniques that have been proposed in order to improve computational accuracy and speed are surveyed. First, imaging and ray-launching methods are described and their extended methods are surveyed as novel fundamental ray-tracing techniques. Next, various ray-tracing acceleration techniques are surveyed and categorized into three approaches, i.e., deterministic, heuristic, and brute force. Then, hybrid methods are surveyed such as those employing Physical optics, the Effective Roughness model, and the Finite-Difference Time-Domain method that have been proposed in order to improve analysis accuracy.