Antenna Array Arrangement for Massive MIMO to Reduce Channel Spatial Correlation in LOS Environment

Takuto ARAI
Atsushi OHTA
Tatsuhiko IWAKUNI
Masataka IIZUKA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E100-B    No.4    pp.594-601
Publication Date: 2017/04/01
Publicized: 2016/10/21
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2015EBP3529
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
massive MIMO,  multi-user MIMO,  antenna arrangement,  line of sight,  spatial correlation,  

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This paper proposes a new antenna array design of Massive MIMO for capacity enhancement in line of sight (LOS) environments. Massive MIMO has two key problems: the heavy overhead of feeding back the channel state information (CSI) for very large number of transmission and reception antenna element pairs and the huge computation complexity imposed by the very large scale matrixes. We have already proposed a practical application of Massive MIMO, that is, Massive Antenna Systems for Wireless Entrance links (MAS-WE), which can clearly solve the two key problems of Massive MIMO. However, the conventional antenna array arrangements; e.g. uniform planar array (UPA) or uniform circular array (UCA) degrade the system capacity of MAS-WE due to the channel spatial correlation created by the inter-element spacing. When the LOS component dominates the propagation channel, the antenna array can be designed to minimize the inter-user channel correlation. We propose an antenna array arrangement to control the grating-lobe positions and achieve very low channel spatial correlation. Simulation results show that the proposed arrangement can reduce the spatial correlation at CDF=50% value by 80% compared to UCA and 75% compared to UPA.