Improving Accuracy of Ray-Tracing Prediction in Non Line-of-Sight (NLOS) Urban Street Cell Environment beyond 6GHz

Nobutaka OMAKI  Tetsuro IMAI  Koshiro KITAO  Yukihiko OKUMURA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E100-B    No.4    pp.566-574
Publication Date: 2017/04/01
Publicized: 2016/10/17
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2016EBP3144
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
ray-tracing,  5G wireless network system,  microcellular environment,  SHF,  EHF,  

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Recently, mobile networks employing high-speed high-capacity communications have been investigated extensively to satisfy the demand for faster and higher-capacity data communications. In one approach, frequencies between 6 and 100GHz are candidates to utilize relatively wide frequency bandwidths. Accordingly, radio propagation loss in these frequency bands must be characterized. Ray-tracing (RT) is the most common modeling approach to predict propagation loss in site-specific scenarios. The accuracy of RT simulations has been investigated in urban street cell environments based on comparison to measurement results and we observed that the difference between RT simulation and measurement results tends to increase as the frequency increases. In this paper, we focus on the shape of building corners at an intersection because it is this shape that is a dominant contributing factor in the region away from the intersection. In order to correct the error in the conventional RT method, we propose an alternative model that considers the detailed shape of the building corner and surface roughness. The performance of the RT simulation using the proposed method is then investigated based on comparison of two different sets of measurement results. Finally, we extract the optimal size and roughness for the proposed modeling method. Consequently, we confirm that using the proposed method with optimized parameters significantly enhances the accuracy compared to the conventional method.