Optimality of a Simple Replica Placement Strategy for Chord Peer-to-Peer Networks

Jichiang TSAI  Jain-Shing LIU  Tien-Yu CHANG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E100-B   No.4   pp.557-565
Publication Date: 2017/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2016EBP3078
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
P2P networks,  replica placements,  Chord networks,  

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Peer-to-peer (P2P) overlay networks are widely employed in distributed systems. The number of hops required by a node to locate an object is the fundamental search cost of a P2P network. Creating replicas can efficiently reduce the cost of object search, so how to deploy replicas to reduce the cost as much as possible is a critical problem of P2P networks. In the literature, most existing replica placement strategies arrange replicas at nodes near the one containing the considered object. In this paper, we formally demonstrate that for a complete Chord P2P network and many non-complete Chord ones, due to their deterministic structures, we can allocate replicas to nodes closest to the target in the identifier space to maximize the reduction in the total number of hops required by all nodes to reach a copy of the object during the search heading to the target node.