On Scheduling Delay-Sensitive SVC Multicast over Wireless Networks with Network Coding

Shujuan WANG  Chunting YAN  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E100-B   No.3   pp.407-416
Publication Date: 2017/03/01
Publicized: 2016/09/12
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2016EBP3145
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Fundamental Theories for Communications
scalable video coding,  network coding,  multicast,  scheduling,  time-sensitive,  user satisfaction,  

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In this work, we study efficient scheduling with network coding in a scalable video coding (SVC) multicast system. Transmission consists of two stages. The original SVC packets are multicasted by the server in the first stage and the lost packets are retransmitted in the second stage. With deadline constraint, the consumer can be only satisfied when the requested packets are received before expiration. Further, the hierarchical encoding architecture of SVC introduces extra decoding delay which poses a challenge for providing acceptable reconstructed video quality. To solve these problems, instantly decodable network coding is applied for reducing the decoding delay, and a novel packet weighted policy is designed to better describe the contribution a packet can make in upgrading the recovered video quality. Finally, an online packet scheduling algorithm based on the maximal weighted clique is proposed to improve the delay, deadline miss ratio and users' experience. Multiple characteristics of SVC packets, such as the packet utility, the slack time and the number of undelivered/wanted packets, are jointly considered. Simulation results prove that the proposed algorithm requires fewer retransmissions and achieves lower deadline miss ratio. Moreover, the algorithm enjoys fine recovery video quality and provides high user satisfaction.