Efficient Selection of Users' Pair in Cognitive Radio Network to Maximize Throughput Using Simultaneous Transmit-Sense Approach

Muhammad Sajjad KHAN  Muhammad USMAN  Vu-Van HIEP  Insoo KOO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E100-B   No.2   pp.380-389
Publication Date: 2017/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2016EBP3067
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Terrestrial Wireless Communication/Broadcasting Technologies
energy efficient CR pair selection,  spectrum sensing,  simultenous transmit-sense,  throughput,  

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Protection of the licensed user (LU) and utilization of the spectrum are the most important goals in cognitive radio networks. To achieve the first goal, a cognitive user (CU) is required to sense for a longer time period, but this adversely affects the second goal, i.e., throughput or utilization of the network, because of the reduced time left for transmission in a time slot. This tradeoff can be controlled by simultaneous sensing and data transmission for the whole frame duration. However, increasing the sensing time to the frame duration consumes more energy. We propose a new frame structure in this paper, in which transmission is done for the whole frame duration whereas sensing is performed only until the required detection probability is satisfied. This means the CU is not required to perform sensing for the whole frame duration, and thus, conserves some energy by sensing for a smaller duration. With the proposed frame structure, throughput of all the CUs is estimated for the frame and, based on the estimated throughput and consumed energy in sensing and transmission, the energy efficient pair of CUs (transmitter and receiver) that maximizes system throughput by consuming less energy, is selected for a time slot. The selected CUs transmits data for the whole time slot, whereas sensing is performed only for certain duration. The performance improvement of the proposed scheme is demonstrated through simulations by comparing it with existing schemes.