Degrees of Freedom of MIMO Multiway Relay Channels Using Distributed Interference Neutralization and Retransmission

Bowei ZHANG  Wenjiang FENG  Qian XIAO  Luran LV  Zhiming WANG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E100-B   No.2   pp.269-279
Publication Date: 2017/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2016EBP3199
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Fundamental Theories for Communications
multiway relay channels,  degrees of freedom,  network coding,  signal space alignment,  interference neutralization,  

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In this paper, we study the degrees of freedom (DoF) of a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) multiway relay channel (mRC) with two relays, two clusters and K (K≥3) users per cluster. We consider a clustered full data exchange model, i.e., each user in a cluster sends a multicast (common) message to all other users in the same cluster and desires to acquire all messages from them. The DoF results of the mRC with the single relay have been reported. However, the DoF achievability of the mRC with multiple relays is still an open problem. Furthermore, we consider a more practical scenario where no channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT) is available to each user. We first give a DoF cut-set upper bound of the considered mRC. Then, we propose a distributed interference neutralization and retransmission scheme (DINR) to approach the DoF cut-set upper bound. In the absence of user cooperation, this method focuses on the beamforming matrix design at each relay. By investigating channel state information (CSI) acquisition, we show that the DINR scheme can be performed by distributed processing. Theoretical analyses and numerical simulations show that the DoF cut-set upper bound can be attained by the DINR scheme. It is shown that the DINR scheme can provide significant DoF gain over the conventional time division multiple access (TDMA) scheme. In addition, we show that the DINR scheme is superior to the existing single relay schemes for the considered mRC.