A Novel Class of Quadriphase Zero-Correlation Zone Sequence Sets

Takafumi HAYASHI  Yodai WATANABE  Toshiaki MIYAZAKI  Anh PHAM  Takao MAEDA  Shinya MATSUFUJI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E100-A   No.4   pp.953-960
Publication Date: 2017/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E100.A.953
Type of Manuscript: Special Section LETTER (Special Section on Signal Design and Its Applications in Communications)
Category: Sequences
optimal zero-correlation zone,  quadriphase,  QS-CDMA,  AS-CDMA,  

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The present paper introduces the construction of quadriphase sequences having a zero-correlation zone. For a zero-correlation zone sequence set of N sequences, each of length l, the cross-correlation function and the side lobe of the autocorrelation function of the proposed sequence set are zero for the phase shifts τ within the zero-correlation zone z, such that |τ|≤z (τ ≠ 0 for the autocorrelation function). The ratio $ rac{N(z+1)}{ell}$ is theoretically limited to one. When l=N(z+1), the sequence set is called an optimal zero-correlation sequence set. The proposed zero-correlation zone sequence set can be generated from an arbitrary Hadamard matrix of order n. The length of the proposed sequence set can be extended by sequence interleaving, where m times interleaving can generate 4n sequences, each of length 2m+3n. The proposed sequence set is optimal for m=0,1 and almost optimal for m>1.