An Effective and Simple Solution for Stationary Target Localization Using Doppler Frequency Shift Measurements

Li Juan DENG  Ping WEI  Yan Shen DU  Wan Chun LI  Ying Xiang LI  Hong Shu LIAO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E100-A   No.4   pp.1070-1073
Publication Date: 2017/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E100.A.1070
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Digital Signal Processing
Doppler frequency shift (DFS),  target localization,  maximum likelihood estimation (MLE),  best linear unbiased estimator (BULE),  

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Target determination based on Doppler frequency shift (DFS) measurements is a nontrivial problem because of the nonlinear relation between the position space and the measurements. The conventional methods such as numerical iterative algorithm and grid searching are used to obtain the solution, while the former requires an initial position estimate and the latter needs huge amount of calculations. In this letter, to avoid the problems appearing in those conventional methods, an effective solution is proposed, in which two best linear unbiased estimators (BULEs) are employed to obtain an explicit solution of the proximate target position. Subsequently, this obtained explicit solution is used to initialize the problem of original maximum likelihood estimation (MLE), which can provide a more accurate estimate.