Joint Deployment of RGB-D Cameras and Base Stations for Camera-Assisted mmWave Communication System

Yuta OGUMA  Takayuki NISHIO  Koji YAMAMOTO  Masahiro MORIKURA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E100-A    No.11    pp.2332-2340
Publication Date: 2017/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E100.A.2332
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Smart Multimedia & Communication Systems)
Category: Communication Systems
mmWave communications,  RGB-D camera,  human blockage,  stochastic geometry,  network deployment,  

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A joint deployment of base stations (BSs) and RGB-depth (RGB-D) cameras for camera-assisted millimeter-wave (mmWave) access networks is discussed in this paper. For the deployment of a wide variety of devices in heterogeneous networks, it is crucial to consider the synergistic effects among the different types of nodes. A synergy between mmWave networks and cameras reduces the power consumption of mmWave BSs through sleep control. A purpose of this work is to optimize the number of nodes of each type, to maximize the average achievable rate within the constraint of a predefined total power budget. A stochastic deployment problem is formulated as a submodular optimization problem, by assuming that the deployment of BSs and cameras forms two independent Poisson point processes. An approximate algorithm is presented to solve the deployment problem, and it is proved that a (1-e-1)/2-approximate solution can be obtained for submodular optimization, using a modified greedy algorithm. The numerical results reveal the deployment conditions under which the average achievable rate of the camera-assisted mmWave system is higher than that of a conventional system that does not employ RGB-D cameras.