An Adaptive Backoff Scheme in Wireless Sensor Networks

Batbayar KHANDISH  Hyun PARK  Jung-Bong SUK  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E100-A   No.10   pp.2212-2215
Publication Date: 2017/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Mobile Information Network and Personal Communications
Keyword: 
IEEE 802.15.4,  CSMA/CA,  energy efficient protocols,  backoff algorithm,  

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Summary: 
The IEEE 802.15.4 standard enables a short range, low data rate and low power communication between devices in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). In IEEE 802.15.4, a slotted carrier sensing multiple access with collision avoidance (CSMA/CA) algorithm is employed to coordinate a large number of sensor devices. Unlike IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN (WLAN), energy consumption requirements enable it to use fewer number of backoffs, which adversely increase collisions, resulting in degradation of energy consumption. In this letter, we devise an adaptive backoff scheme in WSN whose backoff range is adjusted depending on the contention level, and present its Markov model for mathematical analysis. The proposed scheme is analyzed and its efficiency is validated by ns-2 simulation in respect to network throughput and energy consumption. Its performance is also compared with the standard and previous works, showing that it outperforms them for a whole range of arrival rate.