Electrical Stimulation Induces Impact Sensation and Hardness on Tapping in Air

Kazuma AOYAMA  Nobuhisa MIYAMOTO  Masahiro FURUKAWA  Taro MAEDA  Hideyuki ANDO  

Publication
D - Abstracts of IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems (Japanese Edition)   Vol.J101-D   No.2   pp.414-422
Publication Date: 2018/02/01
Online ISSN: 1881-0225
DOI: 
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Human Communication)
Category: 
Keyword: 
functional electrical stimulation,  electrical tactile stimulation,  Air-tap system,  haptic device,  

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Summary: 
This work is about “Air-tap system” that we developed. This system presents the sense of tapping virtual object in midair by using both functional electrical stimulation (FES) to the extension muscle of index finger and electrical tactile stimulation (ETS) to the finger pad. We investigated, in this paper, (1) how long the Stimulus Onset Asynchrony (SOA) is to induce tapping sensation to the virtual object with highest reality and (2) the effects of strength of these stimulations on hardness of virtual object in midair.