Design of a Sensorless Controller Synthesized by Robust H∞ Control for Boost Converters

Xutao LI  Minjie CHEN  Hirofumi SHINOHARA  Tsutomu YOSHIHARA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E99-B   No.2   pp.356-363
Publication Date: 2016/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Energy in Electronics Communications
boost converters,  sensorless control,  robust H∞ control,  closed-loop characteristics,  

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Small loop gain and low crossover frequency result in poor dynamic performance of a single-loop output voltage controlled boost converter in continuous conduction mode. Multi-loop current control can improve the dynamic performance, however, the cost, size and weight of the circuit will also be increased. Sensorless multi-loop control solves the problems, however, the difficulty of the closed-loop characteristics evaluation will be severely aggravated, because there are more parameters in the loops, meanwhile, different from the single-loop, the relationships between the loop gains and closed-loop characteristics including audio susceptibility and output impedance are generally indirect for the multi-loop. Therefore, in this paper, a novel robust H∞ synthesis approach in the time-domain is proposed to design a sensorless controller for boost converters, which need not solve any algebraic Riccati equation or linear matrix inequalities, and most importantly, provides an approach to parameterizing the controller by an adjustable parameter. The adjustable parameter behaves like a ‘knob’ on the dynamic performance, consequently, which makes the closed-loop characteristics evaluation straightforward. A boost converter is used to verify the proposed synthesis approach. Simulations show the great convenience of the closed-loop characteristics evaluation. Practical experiments confirm the simulations.